Beekeeping could be said to be a pleasurable agricultural venture whereby you can make sustainable livelihood from it if you so care to. We’ve heard of so many success stories about Nigerian beekeepers and conversely there are many failures.
A lot of people belief in starting beekeeping as a hobby or a part-time vocation to make extra income from it to supplement the income from their full-time jobs. But many fail to realize that beekeeping is a real business.
If you are going to treat beekeeping as a part time job, then you will only receive part time income. Fair enough? Even though you may be starting this part-time, always remember that this is a real business because it can improve and change your life forever. Why do you want to only treat this like a hobby.
A lot of newbies came into the business with deceit and wrong training given to them by half-baked training provider that beekeeping is simple with no huge capital and easy to operate. Well; if such person came into the beekeeping business with that notion, he/she will fail woefully.
It may be true that operating a beekeeping venture with small number of bee hives may take little time to work on still, a new beekeeper will be expected to put in many more hours learning about what they should actually be doing in the single hour.
Information is power, a newbie beekeeper must be well informed as to the “dos” and “don’ts” in the industry. So, correct and actionable information is one of the thrust of successful beekeeping. However, not focusing on the training and not following through can easily lead to failure. Attending beekeeping groups’ meeting and going through mentorship courses like those offered by CEBRAD, check out this in www.cebrad.com, can equally assist to prevent failures.
Taking wrong actions is as bad as not taking any action. A lot of the people have access to very good training material that they can apply to start their profitable beekeeping journey but most times, many will not take any action to actually implement or follow through the training. Some will implement the training method in their own ways instead of what is taught. When the result is not what they expected, they blamed the trainer. The key is taking massive correct actions and following instructions.
Take the following actions on your colonies to prevent failure:
- Site your apiary in a suitable location: Without mincing words, if apiary is located where all the factors are fully satisfied, probability for failing beekeeping is 75% reduced. This can be completed with good apicultural practices by doing what is right all the times; will also safe the venture from the pitfalls.
- Feed your bees as at when necessary. Don’t be deceived, feeding the bees is different from adulterating the honey produced. If we ‘re going to take five to seven tons of honey from our bees, then ipso facto, we will have to feed them copiously during dearth season. there isn’t need cutting corners at the stage of the game. On some occasions, you will need to feed your colonies to save them from starvation and eventual absconding. There is no vegetation all over the world that can sustain bee colonies through out the year and produce higher yield as expected. However, you need to understand the needs of the hive based on the season, the weather, the forage available, and the colony buildup in order to determine if you need to feed your bees, and then feed appropriately. Feeding is only necessary if the bees have not been able to store enough food resources on their own, so be sure to understand the status of your hive before feeding.
- Don’t postpone activity: Most beekeepers are found of postponing activity supposed to be given immediate attention. A noticed buzzing sound and clustering of bees in front of the hive may signify absconding, swarming tendency or certain disturbance; the beekeeper should investigate this activity and rectify the abnormally before leaving, otherwise you will discover that before your arrival the following visit, you may have lost the colony.
- Keep apiary clean of pests and predators: It is a known fact that bees have some enemies that attack them from time to time especially ants, lizard, snake, rodent, beetles, wax moth etc, and if they aren’t taken care of they may constitute nuisance leading to loosing the colony. If all precautions to protect your colony from these enemies fail, then remove your colony from that location to a non-endemic area.
- De-queening and Re-queening: A good beekeeper must learn to de-queen and re-queen on yearly basis to maintain a vibrant colony and biologically efficient queen for higher crop yield. Little knowledge of queen rearing will solve this problem. A beekeeper who cannot raise a queen for his/her own use is just a keeper of bees and not a beekeeper.
To your beekeeping success!!!